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Smithsonian/USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report 29 June – 5 July 2011 7 July 2011

Posted by admin in activity reports, Africa, Batu Tara, Chile, Dukono, Eritrea, eruptions, Guatemala, Hawaii, Indonesia, Japan, Kamchatka, Karymsky, Kilauea, Kirishima, Kizimen, Kliuchevskoi, Lokon-Empung, Nabro, Philippines, Puyehue, Sakura-jima, Santa María, Shiveluch, Soputan, Taal, United States, Weekly Volcanic Activity Reports.
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Here is the latest Smithsonian Institution and United States Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report which covers the week 29 June – 5 July 2011, and is compiled by Sally Kuhn Sennert. Some of the highlights:

  • Kliuchevskoi: eruption produces a plume to 7 km altitude
  • Nabro: lava flows remain hot, brown ash plume rising from vent
  • Puyehue-Cordón Caulle: eruption continues, with active lava flows, and low white/grey plumes
  • Soputan: an apparent strombolian eruption produced 6 km plume and ashfall

SI/USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report 22-28 June 2011

Click on the map for a larger version (1211 x 784 pixels).

The Smithsonian Institution/United States Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report for 29 June – 5 July 2011 is now available on the Global Volcanism Program website. The following is a summary and not a substitute for the full report.

New activity/unrest: Kirishima (Japan), Kliuchevskoi (Russia), Lokon-Empung (Indonesia), Nabro (Eritrea), Puyehue-Cordón Caulle (Chile), Soputan (Indonesia).

Ongoing activity: Batu Tara (Indonesia), Dukono (Indonesia), Karymsky (Russia), Kilauea (Hawaii, USA), Kizimen (Russia), Sakura-jima (Indonesia), Santa María (Guatemala), Shiveluch (Russia), Taal (Philippines).

Note: ‘a.s.l.’ = ‘above sea level’.

NEW ACTIVITY/UNREST

Kirishima (Japan). Based on notifications from JMA, the Tokyo VAAC reported that on 29 June an eruption from Kirishima’s Shinmoe-dake (Shinmoe peak) produced a plume that rose to altitudes of 1.8-2.4 km (6,000-8,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted N. [GVP: Kirishima]

Kliuchevskoi (Russia). Based on information from the Yelizovo Airport (UHPP), the Tokyo VAAC reported that an eruption from Kliuchevskoi on 3 July produced a plume that rose to an altitude of 7 km (23,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted E. [GVP: Kliuchevskoi]

Lokon-Empung (Indonesia). CVGHM reported that during 1-25 June white plumes rose 50-200 m above Tompaluan crater, in the saddle between the Lokon-Empung peaks. On 26 June a phreatic eruption ejected material that fell around the crater and produced a grey plume that rose 400 m above the crater rim and drifted N. Seismicity increased the next day and white plumes rose 50-200 m above the crater. The Alert Level was raised to 3 (on a scale of 1-4). Visitors and residents were prohibited from going within a 3-km radius of the crater. [GVP: Lokon-Empung]

Nabro (Eritrea). A satellite image of Nabro acquired on 29 June showed a clear view of the caldera and the vent within the active crater near the middle of the caldera. Lava flows to the W, and within the crater (E and S of the vent), continued to be hot. A brown ash plume rose from the vent and drifted S. [GVP: Nabro]

Puyehue-Cordón Caulle (Chile). OVDAS-SERNAGEOMIN reported that the eruption continued from the Cordón Caulle rift zone, part of the Puyehue-Cordón Caulle volcanic complex. During 29-30 June weather conditions prevented views of the eruption plume by cameras installed around the volcano as well as by satellite. On 1 July a white plume, possibly with lower ash content, rose 3 km above the crater and was observed in satellite imagery drifting 200 km N. News articles noted that flights in Argentina were disrupted. During 2-4 July SERNAGEOMIN noted that dark grey plumes rose 2-4 km above the crater and were detected in satellite imagery drifting 200-900 km NW, N, and somewhat E. Although there were no new aerial observations, seismicity indicated that during 29 June-2 July the lava flow remained active, although to a lesser degree than during previous days. During 2-3 July seismic signals indicated that lava had stopped flowing or was emitted at a slower rate. The next day high-intensity tremor suggested that the lava flow was again active. On 5 July satellite imagery showed that the plume drifted N then NW. The Alert Level remained at 6, Red. [GVP: Puyehue-Cordón Caulle]

Soputan (Indonesia). CVGHM reported that during June diffuse white plumes from Soputan rose 25-150 m. During 21 June-2 July seismicity increased, and on 2 July the Alert Level was raised to 3 (on a scale of 1-4). Visitors and residents were discouraged from going within a 6-km radius of the crater and climbing the volcano was prohibited. According to news articles, a CVGHM volcanologist reported that a Strombolian eruption that began on 3 July produced an ash plume that rose 6 km and drifted W. Ashfall impacted villages, trees, and vegetation downwind. Sam Ratulangi International airport in the capital of Manado was closed for three hours. Articles also stated that the Red Cross distributed about 31,000 masks to area residents. [GVP: Soputan]

ONGOING ACTIVITY

Batu Tara (Indonesia). Based on analyses of satellite imagery, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 1-3 July ash plumes from Batu Tara rose to an altitude of 2.4 km (8,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 75 km NW. [GVP: Batu Tara]

Dukono (Indonesia). Based on analyses of satellite imagery, the Darwin VAAC reported that on 1 July an ash plume from Dukono rose to an altitude of 3 km (10,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 110 km E. [GVP: Dukono]

Karymsky (Russia). KVERT reported moderate seismic activity at Karymsky during 24 June-1 July. A thermal anomaly was detected in satellite imagery on 25, 28, and 30 June. The Aviation Colour Code remained at Orange. [GVP: Karymsky]

Kilauea (Hawaii, USA). HVO reported that two lava lakes at Kilauea were active during 29 June-5 July. The level of the summit lava lake fluctuated deep in the vent inset within the E wall of Halema’uma’u Crater. Periodic measurements indicated that the gas plume from the vent continued to deposit variable amounts of ash nearby. At Pu’u ‘O’o, lava from vents near the NE edge of the perched lava lake in the center of the crater floor continued to fill the lake. The lake level fluctuated and overflowed the edges or flowed through rim breaches, sending lava onto the Pu’u ‘O’o crater floor. On 3 July inflation caused the crater floor and perched lake rim in the southern half of Pu`u `O`o Crater to rise; those areas continued to rise on 4 July until a large breach on the S rim of the lava lake occurred at midnight. Lava spilled onto the crater floor between the perched rim and the crater wall. The N rim rose briefly but rapidly between 5 and 10 minutes after midnight. The preliminary sulphur dioxide emission rate from all east rift zone sources was calculated at 700 tonnes/day on 30 June. [GVP: Kilauea]

Kizimen (Russia). KVERT reported that during 24 June-1 July seismicity from Kizimen was above background levels and volcanic tremor continued to be detected. A thermal anomaly was detected in satellite imagery during 23-25, 28, and 30 June. The Aviation Colour Code remained at Orange. [GVP: Kizimen]

Sakura-jima (Japan). According to pilot observations, the Tokyo VAAC reported that ash plumes rose from Sakura-jima to altitudes of 2.1-2.4 km (7,000-8,000 ft) a.s.l on 28 and 30 July. Reports from JMA stated that plumes rose to altitudes of 1.8-2.1 km (6,000-7,000 ft) a.s.l. during 30 June-1 July. An explosion was noted on 4 July. [GVP: Sakura-jima]

Santa María (Guatemala). INSIVUMEH reported that on 29 July a lahar descended Santa María’s Nima I drainage, passing by the Observatory Vulcanológico de Santiaguito (OVSAN), about 5 km S of the lava dome. The lahar was 1.5 m high, 25 m wide, and carried fine material as well as different-sized blocks. During 3-4 July a steam plume rose 300 m above the crater and drifted SW. [GVP: Santa María]

Shiveluch (Russia). KVERT reported moderate seismic activity at Shiveluch during 24 June-1 July. Ground-based observers noted that ash plumes rose to an altitude of 7.5 km (24,600 ft) a.s.l. Satellite imagery showed a thermal anomaly on the lava dome on 23 and 24 June and ash plumes that drifted 107 km NW on 24 June. The Aviation Colour Code remained at Orange. Based on analysis of satellite imagery, the Tokyo VAAC reported that on 5 July a possible eruption produced a plume that rose to an altitude of 3.4 km (11,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted E. A subsequent notice that day stated that ash had dissipated. [GVP: Shiveluch]

Taal (Philippines). PHIVOLCS reported that during the previous 11 weeks, since the Alert Level for Taal was raised to 2 (on a scale of 0-5) on 9 April, the number of earthquakes recorded daily gradually declined, hydrothermal activity abated, carbon dioxide gas emissions decreased, ground temperature and total magnetic field measurements in the main crater showed no significant changes, and deformation data showed no signs of increasing pressure. On 5 July the Alert Level was lowered from 2 to 1. [GVP: Taal]

The foregoing is a summary of the Smithsonian Institution/United States Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report covering 29 June – 5 July 2011. It is provided for information only, and is based on but not a substitute for the full report, which comes with its own criteria and disclaimers. The map base is derived from the Smithsonian Institution/USGS/US Naval Research Laboratory This Dynamic Planet website.

For all our coverage of the SI/USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Reports: Weekly Volcanic Activity Reports « The Volcanism Blog.

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