The Daily Volcano Quote: Herculaneum overflowed by ashes 8 April 2009Posted by admin in daily volcano quote.
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It was not by the lava, or fiery stream of melted stones, that Herculaneum was first overflowed. It was first covered by the burning ashes belched forth by the mountain, and next by torrents of water, which to the ashes, that first fell on it, added all those that fell on the mountain itself; and left the whole upon this wretched city … After this last had been covered with showers of ashes, and deluged with torrents of water, there broke out fiery streams of lava, which, rolling slowly, spread over the former by degrees, and formed a kind of crust over it. In the terrible eruption of 1631, which had been preceded by a calm of one hundred years, the ashes were likewise followed by a lava.
Johann Joachim Winckelmann, Critical Account of the Situation and Destruction by the First Eruptions of Mount Vesuvius, of Herculaneum, Pompeii, and Stabia (1764; English translation, London, 1771), pp. 15-6.
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